她理财

登录 注册
#主题阅读001期

来自财女读书会・18篇帖子・308人参与

发帖
紫恋子

如何有效阅读,构建自己的知识框架

紫恋子
紫恋子   紫恋子 2017-11-04 14:39 阅读(4253)

曾经和 @TS 聊过,真觉得我们第一期主题阅读选的非常好, 如何有效阅读?构建自己的知识框架。这为我们平时的任何阅读以及后面即将进行的各类主题阅读都打下了坚实的基础。

主题阅读的核心不是阅读,而是主题。通过阅读不同的书籍,去完成自己的目标问题,构成自己的一个主题框架。 在短时间内大量阅读相关内容,可以有效加深记忆,多角度、更全面地理解同一主题思想。也就是说带着问题去阅读,形成自己的阅读体系。


我选的主题阅读5本书正好出自中日英美韩五个不同国家的作者以及不同类型的体裁。美国作家莫提默J.艾德勒的《如何阅读一本书》,日本作家斋藤孝的《深阅读》,韩国作家二志成的《书都不会读,你还想成功?》,英国作家毛姆的《阅读是一座随身携带的避难所》,中国作家叶圣陶和夏丏尊先生共同合作的《文心》。看似平行线一样的5本书,却有着千丝万缕的交集,这五本书分别从不同的角度分析了怎样正确的读书以及读书的重要意义!通过这期的主题阅读,会让我后面进行的所有阅读更加畅通和有效!


如何高效阅读,构建知识自己的知识框架?我做了一个简单的总结就是:首先确定读书目标,然后制定读书计划,尔后要知道如何正确的阅读?最后再输出笔记建立自己的知识树。


第一: 确定读书目标。

斋藤孝告诉我们,读书的意义和作用是深化思想,升华精神。读书要学会选书,首先根据我们的兴趣爱好去选书,这一步骤是大家选书的本能。其次我们不能把自己困在套子里,要勇于跳出舒适区,不要因为不感兴趣就不读,应该做到即使不感兴趣也要看,从中发现新的兴趣和萌芽。当你读的书越多,才会发现自己了解的知识越少,就会更加有强烈的动力和欲望,读更多的书,学习更多的知识。然后多读名人传记,不论古今中外,只要能被你的“天线”嗅到的人物,就去积极阅读。因为这些人会给你意想不到的励志作用,这个我感同身受,坚强的意志力,恒久的耐心,超人的控制力等等。最后根据平时对这些书籍的搜集,分门别类给自己做个详细的读书清单。书单做好之后告诉自己不能轻易改变计划和路线,哪怕中途遇到自己特别喜欢特别想看的书,可以备注起来,列入下一个读书清单。这样自己的读书目标才会被锁定不轻易打乱。

最后说下选书的途径,读书app推荐,比如微信读书,QQ阅读,还有手机自带的阅读器等等。再就是社区论坛比如我们的她理财,可以根据财蜜们所选书单筛选自己想看的书。然后还有公众号推荐,比如书单来了,图书馆公众号等,这些都会定期推送出热门书单!

第二:制定读书计划。


锁定这些读书清单之后,需要根据自己的阅读速度和技巧,个人的生活状态来评估这些目标需要完成的阅读时间。这个时间必须切合实际,不可过分夸大。过分夸大会打击自己读书的积极性,比如你的阅读速度和你平时的业余空间可能只能达到年阅读量50本,而你却制定200或300本的年读书目标。这明显是不切合实际的,当然如果你突然达到了这个阅读量,这真是一种可喜的进步,说明你投入读书的时间更多了。

大计划制定好之后,再细分成季度计划,月计划,周计划甚至是日计划。《吃掉那只青蛙》里面有提及不要一口吃掉一个胖子,要把一个大目标细化成一个个小目标,然后一口一口的吃掉,这个大青蛙才容易吃完。

最后就是要及时跟踪并适时调整计划。根据自己设定的细分计划。核对是否有跟上已定的计划?这样会清醒认识到自己在哪一个环节落后了,如果没有跟上那就要加快速度,增加迫切感。并且要及时调整阅读速度或方法,以弥补落下的进度。这也有利于整个计划的完成。


第三:如何正确读书?


莫提默告诉我们,良好的阅读基础在于主动的阅读。阅读时越主动,就读的越好。同时养成边提问边阅读的习惯,就能提高兴趣和关注的持久力,从中吸收书中更多的内容,“问题发现能力”是社会人的必备能力。所谓主动的阅读,也就是能提出问题来。我们阅读任何一本书时该提出什么问题,以及不同种类的书必须怎样以不同的方式回答这些问题。

其次毛姆告诉我们,可以按图索骥,从作家的生平和性格去关照作家的作品。也就是说当我们对一部作品理解不是很通透的时候,我们可以回过头去看看关于作者的生平和性格,更加融会贯通了,就是更易理解了。

最后要培养读书好习惯,养成随时随地读书的好习惯,并且要尽可能多的利用碎片化时间阅读,倘使哪天不读书,就相当于偷懒不参加智慧训练,大脑会变得迟钝。也可通过“快速阅读”和“跳读”等方法,增强自己的读书力技巧。


第四:输出笔记,建立知识树。


据说当你准备做一件事,若72小时内不行动的话,那这件事基本上就会不了了之!及时输出读书笔记也是这样,当你决定去做了,就立刻动笔,写下第一个字以后,就会才思泉涌!输出使书变成自身血肉。以前我觉得看书很容易,但是写笔记好难呀,之前让我一个月写一篇笔记都觉得很难,但是现在每个星期写一篇我都觉得很好实现。其实我觉得这个跟我自己的思维转换有关系吧。我曾经在读书会分享过我觉得写笔记的好处。一来为了让自己看过的书留下印象,将来某天你想看或有用的时候,不用重新看书,翻阅笔记便能一清二楚!二来至少没有辜负自己看这本书付出的时间。三来可以或多或少的练练文笔,爱读书的人应该都喜欢写字,周国平说:写作从来不是为了拯救世界,只是为了安顿自己。 今年我就是以这种心态和想法强迫自己做读书笔记的,今年截止到现在为止,我看了56本书,写了56篇读书笔记,每本读过的书都有写笔记,包括这次主题阅读的5本书,我也单独写了读书笔记!我会给自己设置最后期限,比如本周读完的书,我要求自己至少在下周末之前必须完成笔记。也正是有了这样督促的迫切感,我往往等不到那个时候就提前完成了!


史蒂芬.柯维说“只学不做等于没做,只知不做等于无知”。做笔记,写书评,读后感虽然很花时间,但非常有价值。做的次数越多,时间越多,就越能体验到这种好处。有输出的时候才是真正阅读的过程。一定要保持自己的输出。抄录,用自己的话来翻译书中不同的观点,用自己的话重新描述书中的观点,做思维导图都是不错的方式。总之,无论何种方式输出笔记,在输出的时候我们就能够建立自己的知识树。

好看的皮囊千遍一律,有趣的灵魂万里挑一,希望我们大家能通过读书在鸡毛蒜皮的生活中变得越来越有趣!笛卡尔说:“阅读好书,就像跟过去的人物对话一样”。读书的人生是不断前进的人生,遇见好书后的喜悦,会持续激励我们。即使读书不会给你带来直接的财富,但是却可以使你的内心富足。当你爱上读书,你便会发现,整个世界都在偷偷爱着你。


Tonight, i'd like to share a presentation with you together.This is our first phase themes reading which are talking about how to read effectitvely to build up your own knowledge system.

OK,here we go!


Themes reading is mainly about reading similar books in a short time to solve the problem, like the first phase is about reading, the problem is that how to read effectitvely to build up your own knowledge system.

I choosed 5 books from the confirmed book list which fixed by the members in themes reading group. These 5 books' authors are occassionly from 5 different countries to define the reading importances and how to read correctly. Seems 5 different books but all of them are talking about reading matters.


I recaped a summary like below after finished the 5 books.

when even unsucessful in reading.


Defining reading goals.

The meaning and significance of reading is deepening thought and subliming mind.  the key important is how to choose books? Naturally most of us love to choose the books what we are interested in, this is the first step. But it is necessary try to select some what you don't think arractive ones. This is something like what we always mentioned step over our comfort zone, perhaps you will get new funs and unexpected gains. Next,please try to read more biographies which will bring us much more positive powers.After defining these books, dont change your ideas easily once the book list is closed. In this case, our reading plan won,t be disorganized. If find something which we,re pretty interested during reading process, we can mark it and add into next round book list.


 Then let,s see the ways to choose books, all kinds of reading apps, like weichat and qq readers, forums like xiaota, offical accounts like Shudan laile, libary offical accounts which always recommand book lists to us.This is first part i shared.

 

Secondly,making reading plans.

we need to estimate how long it will cost when book list is closed. Yearly reading plan is crucial as reading goal. We have to combine our indivial reading speed and spare to make this plan, it,s not good for us if egxggeate the reading quantity. Otherwise it will knock down our positivity.  It,s better to subdivide the yearly to monthly and weekly plans, it,s much easier to finish small plans step by step than facing a whole huge chanllege. The next step should be check our plans timely see whether we are out of schedules? if yes, we need to adjust plans to make sure finish it smoothly.


The third part is speaking about how to read correctly?  the most important is active reading. Active reading means while reading while coming up with questions, it,s a basic ability to be a good reader. 

Then Maugham told us it,s a good way to learn an author,s life when you cant understand a book well.

Finally, if possible, let,s learn to skip and scan a book fastly as not every book is worthy to read word by word carefully.


Well, the last part i d.like to say is about outputing   reading reports. It,s a time consuming job but quite worthy. Stephen Covey said, it is useless to learn it but don,t do it and it is meaningless to know it but don,t practise it. We can see how important the output is.


Setting up a deadline once finished reading a book. My habit is keeping one more week to write my reading report. Suppose one book was finished in this week, i usually force myself to output reading report latest at end of next week.this year till now,i read 56 books with 56 reading reports.


Maybe someone will say it,s hard to write an article, i also have similar ideas before, but now i can handle it well, just change your mind and take it easy. When you have no much more opinions, just copying some meaningful sentences and save it, this is also a kind of reading report. If you have your own ideas, it is better to translate it in your own words, and doing mind maps are all the good ways to mark the reading reports.Believe me, in future it will recall lots of your memories. Anyway, these can help us to build up the knowledge tree.


All right, all above is what i shared wih you today,hopefully it is benefical for you. A popular saying is that good looking appearance are all the same, but interesting soulmates are one in a million. Hope you all can be coming more and more interesting through reading.


Thank you very much!


只看楼主
全部回复(25)

回复楼主

回帖
小组话题

扫码下载

APP

iOS • Android

想理财却无从下手? 打开应用
通俗实用的理财课程